Modern Radar Theory and Practice

14-18 March 2011


Please note that the IET has decided to discontinue the IET Endorsed Provider Scheme for all former participants. However, we will continue to offer Early Bird special discounts for IET members provided a current membership numbers is given at the time of booking. We expect this to continue for 2010-2011.

Course Overview

This popular course, which is regularly updated, has been especially designed for:-
· Graduates with engineering/science backgrounds working or planning to work in the radar field.
· Practising engineers wishing to extend their knowledge of modern radar.
· Managers and administrators interested in enhancing their awareness of existing and emerging radar technologies - please be aware that this is a technical course and goes into some depth!.

The Lecturers

Professor Mike Underhill MA, PhD, FEng, FIEE, FRSA joined the University in 1992 as Head of Department until 1996. His 31 years in industry encompassed 24 years at Philips Research Laboratories, 6 years as Technical Director of MEL-Philips and 1 year as Engineering Director of Thorn EMI Sensors. Since 1961 his activities cover HF Radio, EW, Radar and IR and he is continuing research in some of these areas. He holds about 50 patents in these areas and related fields - the latest being on phase noise and time jitter reduction). Hed is now part-time but Chairman of Toric Limited, a University spin-out company exploiting his "Anti-Jitter" circuit inventions. Mike continues active research as CEO of Underhill Research with a current focus on Electromagnetics for Antennas and Propagation

Dr Simon Watts of Thales UK, Aerospace Division graduated from the University of Oxford in 1971, obtained an MSc from the University of Birmingham in 1972 and a PhD from the CNAA in 1987. He is currently deputy Scientific Director of Thales UK, Aerospace Division, a Thales Technical Fellow and a Visiting Professor in the department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering at University College London. He joined Thales (then EMI Electronics) in 1967 and since then has worked on a wide range of radar and EW projects. He is author and co-author of over 35 journal and conference papers, a book on radar sea clutter and several patents. He was chairman of the international radar conference RADAR-97. He was appointed MBE in 1996 for services to the UK defence industry and is a Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering, Fellow of the IET and Fellow of the IEEE.

Dr Andy Stove of Thales UK, Aerospace Division received a BA degree in Engineering Science in 1977 and a DPhil degree in 1981 for work on surface acoustic wave devices, both degrees being received from Oxford University. He then joined Philips Research Laboratories, working principally on the application of FMCW techniques to naval navigation radars and low-level air defence radars, on guided ammunition and on automotive radar. This work included the research which led to the development of the PILOT FMCW navigation radar. After a short period working on ways to enable computers to understand their users' mental states, he joined Racal Radar Defence Systems, now Thales, in 1996. Since then he has worked on the system design and proving of the Searchwater 2000 family of Maritime Surveillance and AEW radars, on applying FMCW techniques to low cost phased array radars and on target classification and discrimination for microwave and VHF radars. He is a fellow of the IET.

Course Overview - Provisional

Day 1 - Radar Fundamentals
o The Radar Concept and basic requirements
o Radar frequency bands and characteristics
o Pulse radars and CW radars
o Advantages of coherent radar
o Range and velocity ambiguities. The ambiguity function
o Complex representation of signals
o Information and Noise (Shannon-Hartley)
o Estimation and Detection decisions
o Derivation of Radar Equations, for search, spotlight and tracking
o Radar Cross Section (RCS) of simple targets and clutter
o Angle, delay and Doppler glint
o Radar system analysis
o Radar hardware:- antennas, transmitters, receivers, signal processors, and displays

Day 2 – Antennas, Propagation and Radar Applications
o Antenna Principles
o Aperture Antennas
o Sidelobes
o Polarisation Characteristics
o Broadband Antennas
o Propagation, Reflections, refraction, diffraction, scattering etc
o Atmospheric and surface effects
o Natural Target Resonances and Target Identification
o Bistatic Radar
o Secondary Radar
o Ground Penetrating Radar
o High-frequency (HF) and over-the-horizon (OTH) radar

 Day 1 – Waveforms, Tracking, Recognition, and Phased Arrays

o Pulse Compression
o Ambiguity Functions
o High resolution and low probability of intercept (LPI) radar systems
o Non-cooperative target recognition
o Range profile and Doppler signature
o Mono-pulse tracking
o Track-While-Scan
o Active and Passive Phased Arrays
o Adaptive Beam Forming, DF and Nulling

 Day 2 – Radar Processing and ECM
o Radar clutter fundamentals
o Statistical clutter models
o Constant false-alarm-rage (CFAR) detection
o Distribution-free and adaptive processors
o Moving-target indications and detection (MTI/MTD)
o Airborne Pulse Doppler Techniques (DPCA and STAP) etc
o Active and Passive Electronic Counter Measures (ECM)
o Electronic Counter-Counter Measures (ECCM)

 Day 3 - Airborne and Space-borne Radar Systems
o Imaging and mapping by modern radar
o Real-aperture approach
o Synthetic-aperture radar (SAR) fundamentals
o SAR range equation
o Conventional stripmap mode and spotlight mode SAR systems
o Concept of inverse SAR (ISAR) imaging
o Space-based radar
o Image formation and interpretation
o Autofocus


Please see the following PDF file for the maths knowledge pre-supposed for this course. Supplementary maths notes will be given out during the course.


Provisional Timetable


09:00 LECTURE 1 Prof. Mike Underhill 

The Radar Equations

11:00 LECTURE 2 Prof. Mike Underhill 

RCS and Doppler Effects

13:30 LECTURE 3 Prof. Mike Underhill 

System Functions and Architectures

16:00 LECTURE 4 Prof. Mike Underhill 

Transmitters and Receivers



09:00 LECTURE 1 Prof. Mike Underhill 

Propagation, Reflection and Multipath

11:00 LECTURE 2 Prof. Mike Underhill 

Radar Antennas

13:30 LECTURE 3 Prof. Mike Underhill 

Secondary Radar and Ground Penetrating Radar

15:30 LECTURE 4 Prof. Mike Underhill 

HF/OTH Radar



09:00 LECTURE 1  Dr A Stove (Thales) 
Waveform Design
11:00 LECTURE 2  Dr A Stove (Thales) 
Target Recognition
13:30 LECTURE 3  Dr A Stove (Thales) 
15:30 LECTURE 4  Prof. Mike Underhill 

Phased Arrays



09:00 LECTURE 1 Dr Simon Watts 

Radar Clutter

11:00 LECTURE 2 Dr Simon Watts 

CFAR Detection

13:30 LECTURE 3 Dr Simon Watts 

MTI/MTD Methods

15:30 LECTURE 4 Dr Simon Watts 

ECM/ECCM Techniques



09:00 LECTURE 1 Dr Simon Watts 

Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR/ISAR)

11:00 LECTURE 2 Dr Simon Watts 

Space-Based Radar

13:30 LECTURE 3 Dr Simon Watts 

Airborne Radar Overview


Updated 13 August 2008


Price per person, including lunch, refreshments and printed course notes

For IET Members (proof of membership needed)

Group discounts available for registrations of 3 or more delegates from one company – please telephone Barbara Steel, CE Manager, on 01483 686040 for further information. VAT is not charged as the University is an educational establishment.

Please note that we do not charge VAT on the above as we are classed as an educational establishment! This makes our courses extremely competitive. Discounts are also given for group bookings of 3 or more delegates on the course from the same company. Please phone +44 (0)1483 686040 for further information.

To reserve a place on the above course please complete this Registration Form

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Unfortunately we cannot provide on-site accommodation for this course. Please refer to our website which links through to accommodation available in the Guildford area, maps etc.

Terms and Conditions

Delegates can make a provisional registration for a course by telephone or email. However bookings are only acknowledged formally once payment has been received.

Cancellations notified in writing 10 working days before the event
We charge a cancellation fee of 25% of the standard rate. If we have already received payment we refund 75% of the full fee.

Cancellations within 10 working days of the event date
We charge these at the full rate and do not give refunds

You can make substitutions at any time before the event.

Cancellation by the University
We reserve the right to cancel any course because of insufficient numbers or for other reasons beyond our control. We would endeavour to give at least two weeks notice should this occur.

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Registrations must come with a valid purchase order, credit card payment or cheque.

Further Information

For further information and general enquiries contact the Continuing Education Office

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Updated 6 January 2011